‘Science Fair’ Director Cristina Costantini on Why Science Education Matters
A Q&A with the filmmaker behind an exciting new documentary about the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair
For many young and brilliant teenagers around the world, having the chance to compete at the annual Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) is a dream come true. It’s the ultimate opportunity to showcase their innovative projects and demonstrate how they intend to make a difference in their communities through scientific discovery. As one participant explains in Science Fair — a brilliant new documentary that won audience favorite at both Sundance and SXSW — “think of it as the Olympics of science fair.”
World Learning understands the transformative power of science education. We encourage STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts & Design, and Mathematics) education in our programs around the world. In 2015, Yasmine Yehia Moustafa, a high school student whose school was part of our Egypt STEM Schools Project, won the ISEF competition for inventing a system that produces clean water and biodiesel using rice straw. (She even had an asteroid named in her honor.)
But what is it like to compete at this prestigious festival? And what can the international community do to ensure kids continue to have these life-changing opportunities? To find out, World Learning spoke with Cristina Costantini, director and producer of Science Fair. Read on for her insights into this special world and be sure to check out the documentary — which is in theaters today:
I understand you competed in the International Science and Engineering Fair when you were in high school. How did you get involved?
When I was 14, I went to a school like most American schools that really celebrated sports. I’m not athletic and I have never been very cool. Science fair was where I felt like I’d finally found my tribe. It was kind of an escape from the typical Midwestern high school experience that I was having.
I got involved as kind of a fluke. I heard there was a science fair, a lot of kids were doing it, and I designed a project about social conformity, largely inspired by the fact that I did not fit in. It ended up doing very well. I won my state’s high school fair my freshman year. I had no idea that there was another level of science fair, so I found out [when] I won first place that I was going to this thing called ISEF.
When I got there, it was incredibly life-changing for me. It opened up my world and introduced me to all different kinds of people from 70 countries around the world. It also validated my intelligence as a young woman and taught me a sense of confidence that I didn’t have before that. So it was incredibly transformative for me and made me the person I am now.
How has it done that?
While I’m not still in the sciences, the lessons that I learned doing science fair are still applicable to a lot that I do. Science is all about learning how to fail — learning it doesn’t always work out the first time and you need persistence and dedication. And you have to know how to sell your project. So there are all these things that I still use.
What kind of support did you get from your school or community when you were doing science fair?
I went to a very good science school, but I was doing a social science [project], so I largely worked alone on the project. But culturally it was not cool then to be a science fair nerd. I very much felt like I was culturally on my own — and I actually liked that, working outside of what other high schoolers were doing at the time. So to say that my high school was not supportive of science wouldn’t be fair, but I definitely was not as celebrated as the football team or the hockey team.
Are there particular moments from your time at ISEF that made you feel like it would be make for a compelling documentary?
Well, I found myself a lot in college telling funny stories to my friends about the things that happened to me at science fair. That impulse to share this world with people has been with me for a long time. One [story] in particular happened on prom night. I was invited by a junior boy, and I was really excited to go, but it coincided with the international science fair. And, just as fate would have it, on the very night of my prom, there was also a science fair dance. So instead of with my crush, I was with 2,000 science fair nerds.
I remember a kid came up to me, and he had a glass of water and some kind of measuring device. He was measuring the amplitude of the waves in the water to figure out what the decibel level of the speakers were. Those kinds of things happened a lot at the science fair. It was like 2,000 brilliant kids who are not scared to share their minds with other kids.
One of the great things about ISEF, and your documentary too, is that they represent a cross-section of brilliant and creative kids. Can you tell me about some of the nine students featured in the movie and why it was important to you to have such a cross-section?
I really wanted to capture the diversity of the science fair as I remembered it. I wanted there to be underdogs and longshots, kids who are coming from a setting that were not supportive of science or not well-resourced.
One of those kids is Kashfia from South Dakota. She’s the only Muslim girl in her high school, and she couldn’t find anybody to support her science fair project at her school — none of the science teachers have the time or want to help. So she ends up in this very unlikely friendship with the head football coach. Coach Schmidt has no clue about science, but he’s really supportive. That relationship was really compelling because here’s somebody who doesn’t know a single thing about science, but he has the right approach to supporting students and fostering their interests.
Then on the other end is a team that we followed from Jericho High School in Long Island. Dr. McCalla has the most winning science fair team in the world, and she’s one of the best — if not the best — teacher I’ve ever witnessed in action. She’s incredible. She runs her science fair team like a football team. She’s like a drill sergeant. She has this team that’s made up completely of immigrants and the children of immigrants. They’re brilliant and really exciting to watch because their school really pours resources into science fair, which you don’t see in most parts of the country.
We also have international students, [including] a student from Germany and students from the interior of Brazil.
What are some of the projects that they completed?
Kashfia has a behavioral project — she’s studying people in large part to understand her school environment. The Brazilians are tackling questions related to the Zika virus, which is very personal to them because they live in the region of Brazil that was hardest hit by Zika and microcephaly. Robbie is this brilliant, quirky kid out in West Virginia doing machine learning. Then there are these kids from Louisville, Kentucky: Anjali is like the most confident, most capable 14-year-old I’ve ever met in my life. She created an ingenious device to measure arsenic in water very cheaply, so it can be replicated easily. There’s really a range.
And just as science had these life-changing implications for you, what does it mean to these students?
For many of these kids, it was their lifeboat. For Myllena and Gabriel [of Brazil], it was their way out of this poor town they grew up in. For Kashfia, it was the only time of the year that she got to talk with people who shared her interest and also didn’t judge her for what she looked like. She is one of the only people who wears a hijab in her town, which can be very difficult for her. Robbie from West Virginia was failing out of math when we met him, but he had made it to the science fair with a project on number theory. Science fair was the one place where his real passions were validated. He didn’t quite fit into the traditional school system and science fair supported his individual interests.
It meant different things for different kids, but for all of them I think it’s been totally life-changing.
I read an interview that you did that mentioned how Robbie’s math teacher didn’t want to talk about number theory with him.
Exactly. That, to me, is totally crazy. I think we should be supporting kids who have interest in academic fields. Like Dr. McCalla, if she doesn’t know about something that one of her students is interested in, she’ll go home and read all the journals that she can find related to that topic in order to better support them and encourage those interests. She’s really a model of how to teach.
I wanted to ask too, about girls in STEM fields. World Learning works on projects like the Women in Science Girls STEAM Camp, where we encourage girls to enter STEM fields. Do you think it’s particularly important for girls to have these kinds of experiences like ISEF?
Absolutely. For me, it was the first time that I was validated for my opinions and for my mind. It’s important for all young kids to feel empowered in a way that ISEF makes kids feel empowered, but especially for young women. It gave me the confidence to do other things that maybe I wouldn’t have had otherwise. I see it in all the young women who compete. I think it changes them, it changes how they see themselves and what they’re capable of. So I think the more that we can have these different programs that reinforce women the better.
Why do you think the international community should support STEM education? Why is it beneficial to everybody?
Everything about our lives is touched by science. The best things in our lives came about because of science and technology. They make everybody’s lives better every day. And so questioning the value of science at all is mind-boggling to me. The phones that you use, the computers that we use, the cars that you’re driving, the medicine that you’re taking, that was all made because of scientific advancements. It’s everywhere around us, so it’s crazy to me that it’s not always appreciated.
What do you think that the international community can do better to support STEM education?
I think one part of it is definitely financial. Science fairs are losing their funding. The Siemens competition just ended, Intel pulled their funding [for ISEF after 2019], the Oklahoma state science fair just lost their funding. I think just making sure that these programs continue and that kids from all different backgrounds are encouraged to participate. That’s one thing. On the other side of things, I do think scientists have a PR problem. We need to get better at telling the stories of scientists — why they matter and how they affect everybody’s lives.
What kind of support do you think the students would like from the international community?
Definitely for the kids like Kashfia and Robbie, they just wish they had somebody who could support their interests and who could encourage them to not just study to get a great SAT score, but to really, foster their individual curiosities. I think that is one of the best things we can do for our students.
Science Fair is in theaters starting September 14. It will debut in the United Kingdom in October and air on National Geographic in 2019. Check here for a full list of screenings:
Read more about World Learning’s work in STEM education:
She Attended a STEM School in Egypt — and Her Invention Won a Competition
How a Robotics Competition Could Transform Algeria — And the World
The 2018 WiSci STEAM Camp Kicks Off with NASA, Google, and Teen Girls From Five Countries